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Allow enough time. Before you can write about the research, you have to understand it.
This can often take a lot longer than most people realize. Only when you can clearly
read the article are you ready to write about it.
Scan the article first. If you try to read a new article from start to finish, you’ll get bogged down in detail. Instead, use your knowledge of APA
format to find the main points. Briefly look at each section to identify:
the research question and reason for the study (stated in the Introduction)
the hypothesis or hypotheses tested (Introduction)
how the hypothesis was tested (Method)
the findings (Results, including tables and figures)
how the findings were interpreted (Discussion)
Underline key sentences or write the key point (e.g., hypothesis, design) of each paragraph in the margin. Although the abstract can help you to
identify the main points, you cannot rely on it exclusively, because it contains very condensed information. Remember to focus on the parts of the
article that are most relevant.
Plagiarism. Plagiarism is al avoid it:
Take notes in your own words. Using short notes or summarizing key points in your own words forces you to rewrite the ideas into your own words
If you find yourself sticking closely to the original language and making only minor changes to the wording, then you probably don’t understand the
Writing the Summary
Like an abstract in a published research article, the purpose of an article summary is to give the reader a brief overview of the study. To write a good
summary, identify what information is important and condense that information for your reader. The better you understand a subject, the easier it is to
explain it thoroughly and briefly.
Write a first draft. Use the same order as in the article itself. Adjust the length accordingly depending on the content of your particular article and
how you will be using the summary. For the first draft, focus on content, not length (it will probably be too long). Condense later as needed. Try
writing about the hypotheses, methods and results first, then about the introduction and discussion last. If you have trouble on one section, leave it for
a while and try another.